Olive oil is the oil which is extracted from olive fruits. The extra virgin olive oil production process is quite easy. Olives can be easily pressed to extract their oil. However, the modern methods are quite different and unique in themselves. It involves the following steps: First step is crushing the olives and then mixing them together.
After mixing, the oil is separate from the pulp in a centrifuge. A centrifuge is a tool or machine which is use to separate particles suspended in a liquid according to particle size and density, viscosity of the medium, and rotor speed. Later by centrifugation, small amounts of oil remain in the pulpy pomace.
By using chemical solvents, the oil which is left can be extracted easily and this is known as olive pomace oil. Generally, olive pomace oil is cheaper than regular olive oil and it also has a bad reputation.You might have heard a term, extra virgin olive oil. So, let us understand the difference among the regular olive oil and What is extra virgin olive oil?
Extra virgin oil
Buying or getting the right type of olive oil is critical. Mainly, there are three grades of olive oil which are refine, virgin, and extra virgin. Extra virgin olive oil is the least refine oil among all types of olive oil. It is the least process form of the olive oil. Extra virgin olive oil is consider as the healthiest of all types of olive oil. It is extract or obtained by using various natural methods.
Extra virgin oil is standardized and systematized for purity. It has certain sensory qualities like taste and smell. The purest olive oil that is truly extra virgin has a distinct and unique taste. This extra virgin oil is high in phenolic antioxidants, the reason which makes it highly beneficial for health. Legally, other vegetable oils which have labels as olive oil, cannot be dilute with other types of oils. Moreover, it is important to inspect the label carefully and buy from a reputable and reliable source or seller.
Benefits of extra virgin oil:
1. Nutrient composition of extra virgin olive oil is really high and fairly nutritious. It contains plenty of fatty acids, and modest amounts of vitamin E and K. It is helpful in fighting diseases due to its antioxidant content. The extra virgin olive oil’s main antioxidants include the anti-inflammatory oleocanthal and oleuropein. It is a substance that protects LDL (bad) cholesterol from oxidation.
2. Olive oil has anti-inflammatory substances. It contains oleic acid and oleocanthal. These two nutrients can fight inflammation. This can be the main reason behind olive oil’s health benefits. Using extra virgin olive oil can help in reducing risk of various inflammatory diseases, especially heart disease.
3. Extra virgin olive oil also plays a significant role in fighting cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, cardio pulmonary disease, etc. are some of the most common and fatal diseases these days and major causes of death. Some observational studies have shown that such deaths are low in some areas of the world like around the Mediterranean sea because here in these areas people are consuming and prefers to consume virgin olive oil.